شرح قواعد الضرورة والالزام - اللغة الانجليزيه الوحده السابعه

    شرح  قواعد الضرورة والاللزام 


    Unit 7
    all  about sports
    Lessons- 1,2

    1 – play football يلعب كره   * go swimmingيذهب للسباحه   * do judoيلعب جودو
    2 – racketمضرب    * rocketصاروخ
    3 – similar to مشابه لـــ     * the same (as)تماماً مثل

    5 – indoor + اسم  = indoors  داخل – داخلى   
    * outdoor + اسم  = outdoorsخارج – خارجى
    Football is an outdoor sport.
    We play chess indoors.
    6 – weatherالطقس     * climateالمناخ عموما
    This racket is made of wood, it is wooden.
    8 – balls were made from leatherمصنوعة من الجلد filled with
    9 – full of  =  ممتلىء بـــ

    11 – throw the ball intoيرمى الكرة في 
    12 – in order to + مصدر  --لكى -
     = so that + جمله كامله
    He studied hard in order to get high marks.
    He studied hard so that he could get high marks.
    15 – Although + جمله كاملة   
     = despite + اسم / v+ ing -------- بالرغم من – برغم
    Although he played well, he lost.
    Despite playing well, he lost.

    grammar
    التعبير عن الضرورة والالزام: -
    1 – للتعبيرة عن الضرورة في المضارع نستخدم كل من: -
         
    must –الزام من المتكلم
     have to – has to + مصدرخارجى  

    2 – عندما نتحدث عن القواعد او الالزام الخارجى نستخدم (have to-has to)  أما للتعبير عن ان الشيء مهم فعله نستخدم ( must ) ...
    I you- we- they--------have to
    He-she-it ----------------has to



    We have to go to school on time.
    She has to get a passport to travel to London.
    3 – في حاله النفي بمعنى ليس من الضروري أن نستخدم الأتى : -
    فاعل جمع  + don’t/ have to + مصدر
    فاعل مفرد  + doesn’t have to + مصدر

    1 - She doesn’t have to hurry, she isn’t late for school.
    2 - They don’t have to buy bread; there is much in the fridge.

    It is necessary for + شخص + to + مصدر
    التعبيرات السابقة تساوي المعنى الأتى : -
    It isn’t necessary for + شخص + to + مصدر

    It is necessary for her to hurry.
    It isn’t necessary for them to buy bread.
    4 – في حاله الاستفهام نستخدم الاتى بمعنى هل من الضروري أن : -
    Do/Does + فاعل + have to + مصدر ---------------?
    = Is it necessary for + مفعول  + to + مصدر ---?

    Does he have to buy the book?
    = Is it necessary for him to buy the book?
    5 – للتعبير عن الضرورة في الماضي نستخدم الأتى : -
     فاعل  + had to + مصدر ----------------------------------
    = It was necessary for مفعول  + to + مصدر ------

    I had to do my homework, so I couldn’t go out.
    = It was necessary for me to do my homework.

    6 – في حالة نفي الماضي نستخدم الأتى: -
    فاعل   + didn’t have to + مصدر ----------------------------
    = It wasn’t necessary for + مفعول + to +  مصدر ----

    He didn’t have to write the e-mail.
    = It wasn’t necessary for him to write the e-mail.
    7 – في حاله السؤال في الماضي نستخدم : -
    Did + فاعل + have to + مصدر  ------------------------?
    = Was it necessary for + مفعول  + to + مصدر ------?

    Did they have to take the money?
    = Was it necessary for them to take the money?
    Did Ali have to sell his car?
    = Was is necessary for him to sell his car?
    8 -  نستخدم  (mustn’t)  للتعبير عن أن الشيء ممنوع أو غير مسموح  للحظر والمنع : -
    mustn’t +مصدر  
    = not allowed
    =forbidden=
    = against the law
    You mustn’t park here.
    = It is not allowed to park here.
    = It is against the law to park here.
    = It is forbidden to park here.
    = It is prohibited to park here.

    21-He is late for school. He (need- must- mustn’t – have to) take a taxi.
    22-She (doesn’t have- don’t have – must – mustn’t) waste her time any more or she will fail
    23-You (can –may – have to – should not) stop when the traffic is red.
    24-Children (must – mustn’t – have to – don’t have to) play with matches. It’s dangerous.
    I               25- You (must – has – have – mustn’t) to tidy my room.
    26-He (must – mustn’t – has to – had to) buy a pen yesterday.
    27-You (didn’t have to – had to – don’t have to – must) buy a new mobile. I will give you mine
    28-(Must – Do – Does – Can) he have to visit Alexandria with Ali?
    29-I (had to – didn’t have to – needn’t – mustn’t) mend my car. It wasn’t working/
    30-He is very ill. I think he (must – have to – needn’t – doesn’t have to) stop smoking.


    "     Rewrite  Examples    "
    §It is necessary for you to get up early. ( must)         
    §You must get up early.
    § You are not allowed to talk during the exam .
    §You mustn't talk during the exam  .                
    §It was necessary for her to take the medicine.                  §She had to take the medicine.
    §It isn't necessary to go out . (needn't 
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